Civil cases are disputes between individuals or entities or groups of individuals or entities. Typical civil disputes are ones in which monetary damages are sought stemming from tort (civil wrong) or breach of contract. Not all civil cases stem from monetary or contract disputes. Examples include but are not limited to divorce, annulment, adoption, partition of real estate, will and estate matters, name changes, appointments of church trustees and encumbrance or conveyance of church property.
The Circuit Court serves as the appellate court in civil cases appealed from the General District Court. Likewise the Circuit Court serves as the appellate court in civil (domestic relations) cases appealed from the Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court. These typically are child support, custody and visitation matters.
In civil cases where monetary claims range from $4,500 to $25,000 the Circuit Court has concurrent jurisdiction with the General District Court. Monetary disputes involving more than $25,000 fall within the exclusive jurisdiction of the Circuit Court.
Filing Requirements: A Prince William Civil Cover Sheet must be used for all initial filings. Please include your email address. A Service Request Form is required also.
Unlike the two District Courts, the Circuit Court does not typically provide “forms” for use by litigants in filing civil suits. Attorneys or pro se parties are to prepare the legal documents needed to file a suit. When filing a civil case in the Circuit Court, the filing party is responsible for ensuring that all pleadings are prepared in accordance with the Code of Virginia and Rules of the Virginia Supreme Court. Hence, it is strongly recommended that the services of an attorney be employed when filing a civil action at the Circuit Court level.
NOTE: Clerk’s Office personnel are strictly prohibited from providing legal advice. We strongly suggest that you seek legal assistance from an attorney.
No. This Court does not accept faxed or e-mailed documents.
If I have a non-legal question, how can I contact the Civil Office?
You can send an e-mail to [email protected]; OR
You can call 703-792-6029. The Clerks are very busy with walk-in customers and may not be able to answer the phone. Please leave a detailed message and speak slowly when you give your phone number. We answer e-mails and phone calls usually by the next business day; e-mails received after 3:30 p.m. are considered received the following day.
If your question is about the status of a case please go to our case management system.
It is the same site the Clerk’s Office would look at to answer your question. The information is current.
What if there is no service or service return shown in the Case Management System?
If there is no service, service may not have been requested. A Service Request Form must be used. If there is no service return, the service may not have been returned to the Clerk's Office yet.
How do I send a Change of Address Notice?
Complete the Change of Address Notice and mail it to: Prince William County Circuit Court, Room 314, 9311 Lee Avenue, Manassas, VA 20110.
Please make sure you sign it. Also provide the case number if at all possible.
The Prince William County Circuit Court in it’s discretion may order a case to be struck from the docket without any notice to the parties if there has been no order or proceeding except to continue it after three years. Cases can be dismissed by the Court for inactivity sooner than that but notice is required.
How do I get a bond released?
An order signed by the Judge must be entered before the bond can be released. The order should state the amount and name, address and telephone number to whom the bond should be released. For questions about the status of a bond release, e-mail [email protected].
Which court processes child support, custody and visitation?
In civil cases of a domestic relations nature, the Circuit Court has exclusive jurisdiction in divorce and annulment matters including property settlement/equitable distribution of marital assets. Matters involving child support, custody and visitation may or may not originate in the Circuit Court depending on various factors.
• If there is an open divorce case, these matters most likely will be heard in Circuit Court.
• If it is a closed case, the matters remain in Circuit Court unless an order remands it to the lower court.
• Protective orders are usually processed in Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court.
Where is Bankruptcy filed?
Bankruptcy, including the appointment of a receiver, would occur in the federal bankruptcy court in Alexandria.
How long does it take for Circuit Court to Transfer a Case?
Typically the transfer of cases to a lower court or to another locality will occur within 21 days of the entry of the final order.
What if I need a transcript of what happened in court?
Circuit Court does not provide transcripts. If a transcript is needed, one or both of the parties would need to hire a court reporter.
Please notify the Circuit Court Clerk's Office by e-mail if you find that any of the links on this page do not work.